Methodological Worldview

Religions, Cults & Worldviews: Valuable Answers for Valid Questions.

What is the most effective way to live the best life possible? How do I cope with setback or success?

Under this category, we all have a subdivision whereby we hold to a “best” methods view for society – which arguably could be synonymous with our political world view and we hold to a “best” methods view for ourselves as individuals.

This second subdivision of individual methodology can be further divided into our “ideal” methodology or how we might believe and assert that our methods are decidedly a certain way but then our “actual” individual methodology, which is clearly identified by our behaviour, appears to be contradictory to what we say. i.e. we may not practice what we preach. We all have a level of this. Some more than others.

For instance, over dinner on a first date a person may say in conversation, “I am the type of person that…likes to help those in need.” This being his ‘ideal’ world view which he believes of himself and proudly asserts to his date. However, when he leaves the table, he refuses to leave a tip for an underpaid waiter, and drives away from the restaurant in a cab intended for someone else leaving them to fend for themselves.

His actual methodology is not consistent with his ideal. We could say that the person in the example above is a philanthropist in his ideal methodology but in his actual methodology he is an opportunist or perhaps a pragmatist.

Another example on a societal level of methodology might be a University professor making the claim that western “Christianised” cultures are oppressive and “imperialist” and must be replaced by peace-loving Marxist or Eastern “tolerant” methodologies to obtain peace.

But a cursory look at a measurable metric like emigration statistics from nations of both world views would reveal that virtually no one flees western nations to join Marxist nations like China, N. Korea, or Cuba and virtually no one is fleeing Christianised western nations to join pantheist nations like India, Mongolia, or Sri Lanka. The statistics are quite the opposite as they reveal that the populations of those nations are emigrating en masse to western Judao-Christian cultures.

What is the most effective way to live the best life possible?

Hedonism: Live for pleasure, escape pain: Eat, drink, and be merry for tomorrow we die

Determinism: I must do good toward others so that I can experience good myself: What goes around comes around.

Utilitarianism: I am part of the world community & all my behavior must be to benefit the whole world community: We’re all in this together so roll up your sleeves and get to work.

Biblical: My choices and behaviors in life should be preceded and accompanied by prayer to the God of the Bible and in my interaction with other people, I must put their needs above my own: Do unto others as you would have them do to you.

Secular Humanism: I am obligated to do kind, productive, good things toward others since I am only alive for a short time. It is my duty to behave this way as a member of the human race.

Economic Materialism: I am only here on earth a short time so I must accumulate all the pleasurable items and objects that I can to facilitate a successful life: He who dies with the most toys wins.

Pragmatism: All that I do should have a usefulness, productiveness, and practicality to it. I should just “get things done” without being slowed down by “ideas and concepts”.

How do I cope with setbacks or success?

Atheist – I don’t pray, rather I distract myself with things of the world – music, movies, drink, smoke, eating, shopping etc.

Christian – I go to the God of the Bible in prayer and put my worries, fears, and concerns in his care, divesting my self of them. Then ask Him for wisdom and receive it & obey Him in faith.

Hedonist – Distress? Pain is evil so I get rid of it by indulging in pleasure, self-indulgence, and self gratification until the distress has passed. “Party ‘til you puke!”

Animist – I go to the Shaman and find out who put a curse on me or why the spirits are so angry at me and I do what I must to appease them and make them happy again.

Hinduism – I burn incense to a shrine, large or small, of my own god(s) asking for their protection. I also burn incense to Siva the god of destruction, just to keep him happy.

Statism – I immediately look up what programs the government has available to help my situation – whether money, counseling, or relational– they should have something to help

Some common world views pertaining to one’s praxeology or “methods” – which view is yours?





Pragmatism – Primarily concerned with results rather than theories or ‘principles’ – this view possesses a practical way of thinking and approach to problems, concerned mostly with how a method is actually working and the net consequences for a particular action and thought. Employs constant re-evaluation of its method and readjustment or reinvention to arrive at a satisfactory solution – its all about what works – the bottom line. The downside to this worldview is that it can use people up and spit them out when they are no longer useful c.f. The National Football League or Political Parties of the U.S.

Idealism – This view is in contrast with “realism” or “pragmatism” in that it sets a focus to live or exist on a very high mark, standard, or principle (or even perfection). The idealist uses this high mark as a driver or motivator in completing otherwise mundane day to day tasks or even coping with setbacks. For example in communist Cambodia, Pol Pot may have tried to instil the ideal of a “prosperous state” in the minds of people that he was driving into the ground via slavery. The downside of this worldview is that it can tend to reject practical or pragmatic considerations in favor of the pursuit of the “ideal”. Head in the stars type of thinking.





Optimism or Positivism – A life lived in light of a positive or confident attitude whereby decisions are madeby way of choosing to believe the more favorable outlook or perspective of a given situation and/or circumstance. (Always seeing the “silver lining”). “If you set your goals low enough – you run the risk of achieving them.” – John Maxwell


Capitalism – Primarily an economic system that calls for private and corporate ownership of all capital goods. It is driven by the free market system whereby competition determines the economic success and failure of the individual and the corporation. It is extolled by conservatives as providing an opportunity to everyone willing to work to improve their standard of living and achieve financial success by ingenuity. It is condemned by liberals, socialists, and communists who echo the 150 year old attitude of Karl Marx who paints capitalism as “unbridled greed” and “oppressive of the proletariat”. It has been proven in history (even recent history) that unbridled, unregulated capitalism puts a great deal of power in the hands of the wealthiest few and the subsequent drive for profit has resulted in great abuses. But no more abuse than perhaps what has been found in communist and socialist economic systems.

Stoicism – Someone who appears unaffected by emotions, especially somebody admired for showing patience and endurance in the face of adversity; an ancient Greek school of philosophy that asserted that happiness can only be achieved by accepting life’s ups and downs as the products of unalterable destiny.

Laissez-Faire – The laissez-faire methodology is usually closely aligned to one’s political philosophy which is usually laissez-faire itself. This methodology insists on personal freedom’s and liberties to formulate one’s own choices and actions. i.e. “Leave me alone, I’ll figure it out myself” or “Don’t tell me what to do!” are both laissez-faire attitudes toward ones methodological approach to life.


Collectivism – Society


Eclecticism – Hodgepodge thinkers. A methodology which draws on a diverse set of ideas, approaches, and sources in order to arrive at a final solution. This is someone who might be all over the map politically in order to solve a problem. Religiously it is someone who might be referred to as a syncretist. It is derived from an ancient school of philosophers who refused to adhere to any one discipline of philosophy but instead they would pick and choose bits of each philosophical school to form their own school of the “eclectics”. This is also a form of asceticism whereby a beholder of art or music might consider themselves to be “eclectic”.

Asceticism – A methodical approach whereby the comforts and amenities of this world are typically viewed as “excess” and therefore evil. The response is usually a separatist and or monastic lifestyle to scorn the pleasures of this world in order to gain a greater appreciation for the spiritual pleasures and disciplines. Buddhist monks and medieval Christian monks are an example of the ascetic lifestyle. Because this comprises a methodology to material life, and a motivation with view to ethics and morality, it is also a sub-category of the methodology and the ethics/morality world view categories as well.

Individualism – Pull yourself up by the bootstraps!

Pacifism – Either Individual or Societal

Ethnocentrism – Individual

Now that you’ve examined various Methodology views, click on the icons below to take a look at the other elements that comprise a person’s world view:

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