Nation of Islam

Religions, Cults & Worldviews: Valuable Answers for Valid Questions.

Is the Nation of Islam a Muslim sect or a Muslim cult?

The Nation of Islam or “Black Muslims” as they’re known in the US are not considered a “sect” of Islam. Black Muslims are not considered “orthodox” by Muslims but rather, are looked upon as a pseudo-Islamic cult founded by Wallace Fard Muhammad in 1930. As will all other cults we examine on this site, the Nation of Islam incorporates several of the red flags which mark a cult: Revelation of a different god to that of scripture, knowlege of whom available only to one man who graciously reveals this knowledge to those who swear loyalty to him and his organization, accusations of corruption levied toward God’s word the Bible, control and isolation by the group to the group, etc.

Wallace Fard: Nation of Islam Founder

Wallace Fard was an immigrant of questionable origin, most likely Pakistan. According to FBI documents FOIA’d by journalist Karl Evanzz of the Washington Post, Fard had a history of using various aliases (up to 58 of them!) and ethnicities. He claimed to be Wali Fred Dad from Spain (identified as white), Fred Dodd from Europe (identified as white), Wallie Dodd Ford from Afghanistan, Wallie D. Ford from New Zealand (identified as white), Wallace Dodd Ford from New Zealand (Father identified as white), Wallie Dodd Ford of Spain,  Wallie D. Ford of Hawaii, William D. Fard of Argentina and then finally Wallace Fard Mohammed.

Early in his American life in Detroit and Chicago he was referred to as the “Turkish” Tamale vendor. He joined the Moorish-Americans which was a Black Nationalist group of the early 20th century and when their prophet Noble Drew Ali died, Fard claimed in 1930 to be the “reincarnation of Ali”.

This bizarre claim that a grown man was instantly reincarnated from another grown man who died the year before would split the group and amazingly, half of the Moorish-Americans would follow Fard, including an unemployed auto worker named Elijah Poole, who renamed himself Elijah Muhammed. They would form the Allah Temple of Islam which carried on the “anti-white” “pro-black” positions of the Moorish-Americans, ultimately becoming a cornerstone doctrine of the Nation of Islam today.

Fard mysteriously disappeared only a few years after appointing Elijah Mohammad, as his primary spokesman. Fard was never heard from again and Elijah immediately assumed leadership of the group.

Elijah Poole (Elijah Muhammed)

After Fard’s disappearance, Elijah changed the name of the Allah Temple of Islam to the Nation of Islam and would begin to teach followers that Wallace Fard Mohammed was “Allah incarnate” and the “Son of Man” spoken of in the Bible.

Elijah Poole was a Black Nationalist and it was at an event in Detroit that he made the acquaintance of Wallace Fard and asked him if he was the “Mahdi” or Redeemer to which Fard answered that he was. Elijah took the black nationalism of Fard to a deeper level of black supremecy. He would rule over NOI for over 40 years, condeming the civil rights movement of integration as he believed that black people should have their own nation – taken from amongst the United States somewhere

Elijah massively expanded the movement to a national organization and established the bizarre dietary practices taught to him by the man he called “God Himself”, Wallace Fard. Elijah Muhammad took on a young protegé named Malcolm Little.

Malcolm Little (Malcolm X)

Born Malcolm Little, Malcolm came from a Seventh Day Adventist family. His father died and his mother was hospitalized which contributed to the criminal habits of his youth. It was during his time in prison that he was exposed to Elijah Muhammad’s teaching and he converted to the Nation of Islam, changing his name from Malcolm Little (his “white-given name”) to Malcolm X.

Malcolm embraced the same radical views of black nationalism and racial segregation of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. As a contemporary of Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm condemned MLK’s “peaceful” approach and dream of racial integration. Malcolm became both the face and the charismatic outspoken proponent for the nation of Islam in the 1960s. He would become disillusioned with the Nation of Islam due to inconsistencies with Islam and the improprieties of its leader Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm would convert to Sunni Islam and would begin to draw followers away from the Nation of Islam and Elijah Muhammad.

He was purportedly murdered by followers loyal to Elijah Muhammad who was upset over Malcolm’s discovery and subsequent complaints of Elijah’s impropriety with women in the movement. (Two secretaries had filed paternity suits against Elijah). It has since become widely known that Louis Farrakhan was involved in the assassination of Malcolm X as Farrakhan believed Malcolm to be a “traitor and turncoat” to the NOI and therefore the NOI had the right to deal with him accordingly.

Warith Deen Mohammed

Upon the death of Elijah Muhammad in 1975, his son Warith Deen Mohammed became the leader of the Nation of Islam. Warith disavowed his belief that his father Elijah was a prophet and maintained beliefs he obtained while a close associate of Malcolm X. He moved the NOI toward more orthodox Sunni Islamic beliefs even instituting the 5 pillars of Islam into the doctrine and practice of NOI. He re-defined the definition of “the devil” and attempted a more friendly and open approach to people of all colors (including white people) and faiths (except Biblical Christianity and Judaism).

He rejected the previous deification of Wallace Fard Muhammad, literal interpretations of divine scriptures, his father’s theology and Black-separatist views. He accepted whites as fellow worshipers which was a radical departure from the NOI of his father. In 1975 he changed the name of the Nation of Islam to Bilalians then in 1976 to the World Community of Al-Islam in the West, then in 1978 to the American Muslim Mission and finally in 1985 to the American Society of Muslims.

In 1978, Nation of Islam would break into two factions: The American Muslim Mission under Warith Deen Mohammed and the Nation of Islam under Louis Farrakhan.Warith would die in 2008 and his American Society of Muslims would slowly die out thereafter. Today it is just a small ineffectual group that calls itself the Muslim Americans, demonstrating that the Nation of Islam wasn’t as much about Islam as it was about hate which we would seen when a new leader would embrace the cardinal doctrine of hate and the Nation of Islam would gain new life.

Louis Eugene Walcott (Louis Farrakhan)

Although Warith had appointed Louis Farrakhan as an Imam under his newly reformed group, Farrakhan would distance himself from Mohammed’s radical departure from traditional NOI beliefs and practices. According to The New York Times, Farrakhan “could not embrace its new philosophy. In particular, Mr. Farrakhan opposed the concept of working with whites to solve the problems of blacks”.

Louis Walcott, renamed “Farrakhan” by Elijah Muhammad, embraced the segregationalist, black nationalist views of his mentor and would re-establish the traditional Nation of Islam but with a greater bent on anti-semitism. He would become world famous for his anti-Jewish rants and would find himself banned from social media accounts like Facebook and Twitter. He would be the quoted hero of black pop films and gangster rap songs (Public Enemy, NWA etc) which praised him for his doctrine decrying the so-called oppression at the hands of whites and Jews. He tends to quote the Bible in bizarre alegorical application and almost never quotes from the Quran

He would organise what the public called the “million man march” but which Farrakhan referred to as a “March of Atonement” whereby the white man must atone for his sins against the black man. Strangely even black Christian pastors would march with him despite the decidedly anti biblical position of race and racism in general. The following is a quote from Farrakhan when asked about allegations of his involvement in the assassination of Malcolm X.

"We don't give a damn about no white man law if you attack what we love. And frankly, it ain't none of your business. What do you got to say about it? Did you teach Malcolm? Did you make Malcolm? Did you clean up Malcolm? Did you put Malcolm out before the world? Was Malcolm your traitor or ours? And if we dealt with him like a nation deals with a traitor, what the hell business is it of yours? You just shut your mouth, and stay out of it. Because in the future, we gonna become a nation. And a nation gotta be able to deal with traitors and cutthroats and turncoats. The white man deals with his. The Jews deal with theirs."

Nation of Islam Beliefs and Practices

The Nation of Islam believes in a different version of Allah and the prophet Mohammad than do traditional Muslims. It is for these departures from the essentials of the Islamic faith that many mainstream Muslims do not consider the Nation of Islam to be Muslim or even a sect of Islam.

The following quote is from the American Journal of Sociology in 1938 which summarized the teachings of Wallace Fard (Mohammed):

The black men in North America are not Negroes, but members of the lost tribe of Shabazz, stolen by traders from the Holy City of Mecca 379 years ago. The prophet came to America to find and to bring back to life his long lost brethren, from whom the Caucasians had taken away their language, their nation and their religion. Here in America they were living other than themselves. They must learn that they are the original people, noblest of the nations of the earth. The Caucasians are the colored people, since they have lost their original color. The original people must regain their religion, which is Islam, their language, which is Arabic, and their culture, which is astronomy and higher mathematics, especially calculus. They must live according to the law of Allah, avoiding all meat of 'poison animals', hogs, ducks, geese, possums and catfish. They must give up completely the use of stimulants, especially liquor. They must clean themselves up – both their bodies and their houses. If in this way they obeyed Allah, he would take them back to the Paradise from which they had been stolen – the Holy City of Mecca.

Nation Islamists basically believe in the supierority of the black “race” ironically, as race has been defined by modern western culture. This group also believes that those with white colored skin are inherently wicked and inferior based solely on the lack of melanin found in their DNA. White people are preached to be the devil. Strangely enough, this cardinal doctrine isn’t mentioned to the thousands of white people they approach on city streets when selling NOI newspapers.

The following list of beliefs of the Nation of Islam is attributed to the PhD doctoral work of Dr. Voddie Baucham, author, speaker and Dean of Theology at African Christian University in Lusaka, Zambia:

Who is god to the Nation of Islam?

  • Person of Allah – revealed in the person of Wallace Fard (a white skinned man) from Mecca
  • God (Allah) is a man and not a spirit: knowledge of him was hidden until his incarnate appearance in Wallace Fard, according to their “prophet” Elijah Muhammad
  • Allah (Fard) is flawed: Marriage, sex, frailties, weaknesses and mistakes are attributed to Allah (Fard)
  • Allah (Fard) is a black man created out of the blackness of space – adopting its color for himself.
  • Plurality of Allah – no god lives forever, there is a succession of supreme Allahs every 25,000 years
  • Polytheism – 24 scientists as smaller deities, Island of Patmos and 24 come from Revelation
  • Pantheism – “A Torchlight for America” by Louis Farrakhan – attributes
    deity to ALL mankind but to black people in particular. He claims we can
    grow into the divine and assert our deity. The black man requires
    knowledge to assert his deity.
  • Cosmology – Science fiction – triple blackness of space water and divinity 76 trillion years ago he willed himself into existence and then created the sun – gave planets life and commanded them to submit to the sun. An explosion of TNT separated the moon and the earth – actual TNT.
  • Elijah Mohammed touted Fard as being the Christian Messiah and the Muslim ‘Mahdi’ (Redeemer).

What is mankind according to the Nation of Islam?

  • Divine council of 24 Black Scientists – govern the affairs of men every 25,000 years
  • Anthropology – World is divided into two segments of mankind: one black and one white.
  • Sins of the black man are directly related to his relationship with the white man. 
  • Forgiveness for the black man if he turns to Allah of NOI and away from the white man.

What is evil according to the Nation of Islam?

  • Grafting Process: Yakub, one of the 24 scientists, carried out experiments on the Isle of Patmos and he creates the white race and the further from blackness he got the more evil they became until the worst of the worst was created – the devil himself – the white man and every white man is a demon. White man was given 6000 years to reign and thereafter the black man will reign (oddly enough, white Europeans have only had world prominance since the 7th century AD – prior to that the world was ruled by Latin, Middle Eastern, Greek and African (Egyptian) people groups.
  • White man is demonic – the further from blackness you get the more evil you are
  • Wallace Fard called himself white on multiple ocassions (demon), Elijah Muhammad was bi-ethnic (half demon), Malcolm X was bi-ethnic (half demon), Farrakhan is bi-ethnic (half demon)

How do followers of Nation of Islam receive eternal life?

  • No afterlife – morality here and now is not related to the afterlife. c.f. Taoism. Nothing about this is Islamic. Centered on the mental resurrection of the black man.
  • Salvation (resurrection of the mind – not eternal life) is achieved through true and secret knowledge of Allah (Fard) witheld until the coming of Wallace Fard whereby the NOI follower received this “secret knowledge of God” c.f. Gnosticism.
  • Salvation (resurrection of the mind – not eternal life) is tied to black nationalism. Nation of Islam demands that the white man rulers provide NOI with one of the 50 states, resources and 25 years of support to NOI (this is how they are supposedly independent from evil whites?)

What are the authoritative writings for the Nation of Islam?​

  • The Black Nation is the true and original author of both the Bible and the Quran but they were tainted by the evil white man.
  • White people are incapable of understanding either the Bible or the Quran and require an enlightened black man to open these books to them. Both books have been “tampered with” and are therefore not trustworthy. c.f. Mormonism and Islam.
  • NOI followers are dependent upon their leaders for knowledge of Allah as they cannot trust either the Bible or Quran for truth.
  • There is a “last book” coming from Allah which no one has seen or heard.
  • NOI leaders constantly refer to the Bible in bizarre allegory and rarely, if ever, the Quran – this is strange as NOI considers both sources to be flawed texts

What are the practices of the Nation of Islam?

  • There is an Apostolic hierarchy to provide the secret truth of Allah (Fard) for NOI followers.
  • Morality incorporates the strange dietary habits passed down from Wallace Fard to Elijah Muhammad.
  • A continual mindset of racism and separatism toward the white man must be maintained at all times.
  • Saviors Day – celebrated February of every year. A picture of the white man Wallace Fard is venerated.

What does the future hold according to the Nation of Islam?

  • Eschatology – imminent destruction of the white devils until they are destroyed by Allah and rulership given to the black nation. This is the primary reason for the coming of Allah (Fard)
  • Mother Plane – 1/2 mile long man-made plane/ufo created for the rapture of the black man and then smaller planes sent out from the mothership for the destruction of the white man. They sued the makers of Independence Day for stealing its movie idea from their beliefs.
  • NOI hereafter – a complete place of peace wellbeing and harmony of the black man with Allah (Fard)

Oddly enough in 2018 Farrakhan would announce his acceptance of Dianetics, the Scientology practice of Dianetics auditing where a person undergoes a scathing interview delving into the darkest recesses of a person’s wrongdoings. This is considered a “cleansing” procedure whereby once a person is totally clear of all the Thetans within them (by way of confessing to the auditor) they can advance to the level of “Clear”. Ultimately, this is an ingenious method of gaining and cataloguing any and all “dirt” on a person which can be used against them later should they decide to speak out against the organisation.

Biblical response to Nation of Islam

The Biblical worldview regarding “race” is that there are no races but rather “nations” or “tribes” of people groups not based on the color of his skin but usually based on his family bloodline and/or geo-political affiliation. However, for the National of Islam, the world is ALL about race: black being good, white being evil. The one and only true God as revealed in Scripture says the following:

"For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus.And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise."

The God of the Bible, preached by Moses, the Prophets and the Apostles is not a man like the Nation of Islam and Mormonism both assert. Rather He is Spirit:

"But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship Him. God is Spirit: and they that worship him must worship Him in spirit and in truth. The woman saith unto him, I know that Messiah is coming, who is called Christ: when he has come, He will tell us all things. Jesus said to her, 'I that speak to you am He.'"

He is unchanging:

“For I, the Lord, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.

"Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever."

"Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow."

Unlike the god of the Nation of Islam, He did not create Himself but has always existed from all eternity as a Triune being: Father Son and Holy Spirit. He spoke all things seen and unseen (including time itself) into existence by the word of His mouth:

"By the word of the Lord were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. He gathers the waters of the sea together as a heap: he lays up the depth in storehouses. Let all the earth fear the Lord: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him. For He spoke, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast."

The idea that mankind is categorized according to his skin color is a relatively recent anthropological device, originally tied to those scientists who considered what they called the “negro” as an inferior category of people. Consider the full title of Darwin’s 19th century opus: “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life”.

When the unbiblical idea of “race” was invented by pseudo-scientists of the 18th-19th centuries, they believed that “white” was good and “black” was somehow inferior or animalistic. Then in the 20th century as a backlash to that abominable belief, Wallace Fard declared that black is good and white is evil. As a proof of Fard’s position, the Nation of Islam leaders have pointed to the historical malfeasance of these white people lumping all those who have the same skin color into the same group. 

Oddly enough, only the malfeasance of one particular skin color, white, is taken into consideration. Those atrocities carried out by black and brown skinned people against other black or brown skinned people don’t seem to be taken into account. This is a double standard which constitutes a false balance or a “diverse weight” (cheating false measure) which are both condemned by the God of the Bible:

"A false balance is abomination to the Lord: but a just weight is his delight."
"Diverse weights are an abomination to the Lord; and a false balance is not good."

There is an eternity which awaits ALL mankind, no matter to the amount of melanin found within his skin cells. If that created being of the real God chooses to reject Him all of that man’s life, he will stand before God in judgement and is condemned to an eternity of separation from the God who sends any and all good things into that man’s life. The Bible declares what eternal life, that is life with God forever, really is:

Jesus spoke these words, and lifted up his eyes to heaven saying, 'Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You: As You have given Him power over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given him. And this is life eternal, that they might know You the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.'"

What about you? What do you believe will happen when you die? Do you know what your fate will be when your life has expired? The Bible says in James 4:14 that our life is a vapor and the next moment isn’t guaranteed, click the button below to know for sure whether you have eternal life awaiting you or if you have an eternal death (separation from God, the author and sustainer of life) awaiting you:

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