(Switzerland 1522 , Ulrich Zwingli) Broke
from the Catholic Church as a result of a sausage eating event that was
scheduled during a “holy fast” decreed by the Catholic Church. It was
from this arguement that man is to obey “Divine Law” over “Man’s Law”
that the concept of Sola Scriptura (Scripture Alone) was advanced.
Zwingli, a Catholic Priest, was a contemporary of Martin Luther and had a
sharp division with Luther on the meaning behind the Lord’s Supper.
Zwingli contended that when Jesus declared “This is my Body, take from it and eat.” He was speaking symbolically of the bread and that the Lord’s supper is a memorial as opposed to the Catholic (and to some extent Lutheran) understanding that the bread is transformed literally into Jesus body and the wine transformed into Jesus blood (transubstantiation).
One of the most famous Reformers of all time is a man named John Calvin from Geneva, France whose idea of double pre destination has spurred theological debate regarding God’s role in the salvation of man, and man’s role in his own salvation. From the Reformed Church came denominations known today as Presbyterian, Church of Scotland, and Evangelical Free.