Facts About The Islamic Religion:
- Islam Adherants: Approximately 910 Million
- Islam Founded: 610 A.D.
- I slam Founder: Mohammed
- Born in 570 A.D. in Mecca, Arabia. Died 632 A.D.
- Married into wealth at the age of 25 and began regular mediation in a cave (every month of Ramadan). c.f. Joseph Smith of Mormonism - private "woods" prayers
- Started receiving revelations at the age of 40 from the “angel Gabriel”. c.f. Mormonism Joseph Smith receiving revelations from the angel "Moroni"
- Became disgusted with idolatry and desired to rid Arabia of polytheism.
- Selected his tribal god al-ilah from the 360 gods of polytheistic Mecca and claimed that this "al-ilah" (which Sumerian tablets define as the "moon god") is the "one true god" Allah. According to the Encyclopedia of Religion: "'Allah' is a pre-Islamic name . . . corresponding to the Babylonian Bel" (ed. James Hastings, Edinburgh, T. & T. Clark, 1908, I:326).
- Due to his opposition to polytheism of Mecca, Mohammed and his bands of men were persecuted by the polytheists of Mecca.
- Islamic Books: Four "Allah-inspired" Books:
- The Law of Moses - although Muslims believe that Ishmael received the blessing of Abraham and not Isaac as the Jewish and Christian faiths believe.
- Psalms of David
- Gospel of Jesus Christ - Muslims believe that Jesus was a great teacher and some believe he was a prophet but not the incarnation of Almighty God as the Christians believe. Much of the source material for the life of Jesus was based on "apocryphal" gnostic versions of the "gospel" which resulted in a skewed understanding of Jesus from the Biblical-historical representation found in Christianity
- The Koran (Quran) -- Wherever the first 3 disagree with the Koran, the Muslim feels that they have been corrupted. The Koran supercedes all other revelations and is Allah’s final word to man. c.f. Mormonism and the 'Book of Mormon'
- World View: Monotheistic
- Islam is represented by the sickle moon and star which is consistent with the archaeological discoveries of ancient Sumerian tablets which show the moon god of the Arab world being represented with the same sickle moon. It was this tribal “moon” deity for Muhammad’s tribe that was declared to be the only god by Muhammad and thus represented by the same sickle moon.
- Islam arose from the polytheism of Arabia, specifically Mecca of Mohammad's time, whereby Mohammad declared Allah as the only god to be worshipped.
- All other gods of Mecca were declared by Mohammed to be idols. This was due primarily to the influence of Jewish and Christian caravans that traveled through Mohammad's region of Arabia. However, eventually Mohammed declared the God of Judaism and the God of Christianity to be idols as well.
- How Does Islam Address The Problem of Evil? (why evil exists in a God-sustained world)
- Through self-effort man improves his situation and eventually, a great judgement day is coming where all people will be judged according to their works and the evil doers, unbelievers, sin and sinners will all be done away with. c.f. Catholic Christianity
- According to Islam, What Happens When We Die?
- Even if the Muslim does great works, it is still not a certain thing that he/she will get into heaven. Ultimately, Allah could have his reasons for denying the faithful Muslim entry and Allah has the prerogative to change his mind at any given moment and for any given reason (or no reason at all!)
In other words, faithful obedient Muslims cannot have confidence of heaven until the gates of the Islamic heaven slams closed behind them - according to the Quran. c.f. Catholic Christianity - works, sacerdotalism, purgatory doctrines
- Judgement day, one’s good works must outweigh the bad in order to go to paradise. Otherwise he/she will go to hell. Article 5 of 5
- Jihad (holy war) If a Muslim dies in a jihad he/she has immediate access to paradise. (This is the primary motivation for suicide bombers) c.f Shintoist: Kamikaze fighters of Japan in World War II
- Paradise is a physical place of sensual pleasures where each man will have a harem of beautiful women who will bear children for him. c.f Mormonism
- Main Sects of Islam (Sect from Latin 'secta' meaning cut or discipline path)
- The four bases of Islamic Law
- Shiites believed that the rightful replacement to Mohammed as prophet was the Caliph Ali the son-in-law of Mohammed who was murdered by Mu’awiya who claimed the role for himself.
- Shi'ites claim that Allah has sent over 124,000 prophets./li>
It is worthy of noting that this position directly contradicts the erroneous assumption that "all religions lead to the same God". It also contradicts the erroneous statements by many liberal Muslims today that "Allah" just means "God" and that this god Allah is the same one of both Christianity and Judaism
Sunni: The majority of Islam today, a more moderate sect of Islam formed by 4 Orthodox schools of thought accepting The Quran:
Shi’ite: Fundamental sect of Islam primarily in Iran, also found spread throughout the middle east.
- Islamic Adaptation of the Hindu Vedantic Principles
- Not Recognized by Sunnis or Shi'ite Muslims as a "legitimate" sect - referred to as a sort of "fair-haired" step child of Islam by outside observers c.f. Mormonism vs Biblical Christianity and Hare Krishnas vs Fundamental Hinduists;
- Suffis see no difference between good and evil
- Mostly found in the region of Iran (Persia)
- Many "faqirs" or subsects within Suffi Islam - divided by the class which governs Islam for the sect and those that do not c.f. Rabbinic Judaism, Roman Catholic Christianity hierarchy and sacerdotalism
- Founded by Abd al-Wahhab in 1691
- al-Wahhab claimed that Muslims departed from the "true" Muslim faith and Mohammed precepts
- Rejects Ijma (Islamic consensus for 'correct' doctrine among scholars) and Qiyas (comparative analogies of Hadith and Islamic writings over time) of traditional Islam
- True Islamic salvation is not found in consensus tradition but rather lying prostrate before Allah and venerating him and him alone
- Condemn astrology and superstition but believe in the virtue of counting the 99 names of Allah on their fingers
- Founded in 1817 by an Iranian Muslim named Mirza Hussayn Ali who claimed to be the "glory of Allah"
- Banished to a prison in Baghdad in 1850 for his teachings
- Tried to unite Judaism, Christianity, and Islam through his many writings (100 volumes!)
- First religion to actively promote a federated world government
- Headquarters are in Haifa, Israel and there are nearly 1.5 million adherents worldwide
Monotheistic, Trinitarian, as referenced in Isa 43:10; 44:6-8; Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor 13:14
Jesus is God incarnate - Colossians 2:9
Jesus was crucified on a cross - 1 Peter 2:24
Jesus rose from the dead - John 2:19-20
Jesus was the only Son of God - Mark 1:1
Holy Spirit, 3rd person in the Godhead. He will bear witness of Jesus - John 14:26; 15:26
Salvation by grace through faith - Ephesians 2:8,9
The Devil is a fallen angel - Isaiah 14:12-15; Created by Jesus - Col 1:15,16
Man is basically evil (fallen sinner) - Romans 3:23
Disciples were followers of Christ (Christians) - Acts 11:26
Worshipped on Friday (Jewish Sabbath) - Exodus 20; From Late 1st cent. on worshipped on Sunday (Jesus resurrection day) - Rom 14:5-6; Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1-2
Miracles, numerous are recorded
Makes numerous prophecies
Written by 40+ authors over 1500 years - reads as one book
Monotheistic as referenced in 5:73; 112:1-4, Denies the Trinity in 5:73
Jesus is not God - 5:17, 75
Jesus was not crucified at all - 4:157
Jesus did not rise from the dead - various Muslim accounts
Jesus was not the Son of God but rather a "prophet" - 9:30 - only 1 of 25 prophets listed in the Qur'an and 1 of 125,000 in the history of Islam. God Has No Sons
The Holy Spirit is the angel Gabriel - 2:97; 16:102
Salvation by sincerity and works - 3:135; 7-8-9; 21:47; 49:14; 66:8-9 also by dying for the cause of Allah - Hadith, Sura 3:157
The Devil, Satan, is not a fallen angel, but a fallen Jinn (Genie) - 2:34; 7:12; 15:27; 55:15
Man is basically good - Typical cleric teaching (contradicts a buried passage in Sura 12:53 which agrees w/ the Bible
Disciples declare themselves Muslims - 5:111
Worship on Friday - 62:9 (Jewish Sabbath)
No Miracles recorded, except the claim that the Qur'an is a miracle
Makes no prophecies
Written by 1 man over 23 years
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